Although sea turtles spend most of their lives at sea, females choose sandy beaches to lay their eggs, and it is here where the hatchlings emerge and face the first challenge of all, which is to reach the ocean and start their long journey to adulthood, trying to survive to numerous threats in their path.
They remain submerged much of the time that they are at sea, making them extremely difficult to be studied. They can live in open waters or in coastal regions, depending on their age and the kind of food they are looking for.
Turtles rarely interact with each other. Males and females meet only for mating. After this period, the females return to the same beach where they were born to lay their eggs, and the cycle repeats.
Image Bank Tamar
Due to the difficulty in studying sea turtles in the open sea, there is still much to learn about their behavior. However, decades of research led to useful insights about their daily activities and behavior.
Because they are highly migratory animals, they spend different phases of their life in more than one country and even continents. Therefore, its protection depends on joint efforts and continuous international cooperation, capable of protecting them from hatching to maturity.
Only one or two in a thousand hatchlings in the wild survive to adulthood nearly 30 years later.